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Sanicula L.

Kingdom: Plantae Rank: Genus Parent: Apiaceae Status: Valid

Common Names:

  • BLACK SNAKEROOT - English, United States of America
  • SANICLE - English, United States of America

Morphological Description

Diagnosis: Largely glabrous biennials or perennials; leaves petiolate below to subsessile above, palmately compound with 3-5 leaflets, the leaflets toothed and lanceolate, the largest > 1 cm wide, usually much wider; inflorescences at first short, barely exceeding the leaves, later elongating; flowers relatively few per ultimate umbel (= umbellet); perfect flowers subsessile, usually three per umbellet; staminate flowers pedicellate, (0-)2-15 or more per umbellet; petals inconspicuous, white to yellow-green; fruits bur-like, with numerous bristles.


Notes: A nearly cosmopolitan genus of 39 species. (Latin: sanare, to heal, in reference to former medicinal use of some species)