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Asteraceae

Baccharis halimifolia L.

Kingdom: Plantae Rank: Species Parent: Baccharis Status: Valid

Common Names:

  • EASTERN BACCHARIS - English, United States of America
  • SEA-MYRTLE - English, United States of America
  • CONSUMPTION-WEED - English, United States of America
  • TREE-GROUNDSEL - English, United States of America
  • GROUNDSELTREE - English, United States of America
  • MANGLIER - English, United States of America
  • SALTBUSH - English, United States of America
  • SILVERLING - English, United States of America

Morphological Description

Diagnosis: Shrub 1–6 m tall; leaves alternate; leaf blades punctate, entire in lower half, the upper half entire or with few to several teeth, with 1 prominent nerve and 2 lateral nerves, petiolate; achenes 1.0–1.7 mm long; pistillate pappus 9–14 mm long.

Other

Ecology: This species is potentially toxic in nature.

Notes: Wet fields, edges of swamps and marshes, along creeks in woods; Dallas, Fannin, Henderson, and Lamar cos., also Hopkins Co. (Mahler & Waterfall 1964); mainly se and e TX. Oct–Nov. Salt tolerant. This species is a serious invasive pest in Tridens Prairie and similar areas in Lamar Co. Potentially toxic to livestock (Duncan et al. 1957; Burlage 1968). (halimifolia: with leaves like Halimium of the Cistaceae)