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Froelichia Moench

Kingdom: Plantae Rank: Genus Parent: Amaranthaceae Status: Valid

Common Names:

  • SNAKE-COTTON - English, United States of America
  • COTTONWEED - English, United States of America

Morphological Description

Diagnosis: Ours annuals, gray with matted pubescence, simple or with long, erect or partly decumbent branches from basal part of plant; leaves few, mostly in basal part of plant; leaf blades oblong or oblanceolate; inflorescences leafless; floral bracts white or yellowish, unequal, shorter than the perianth; flowers perfect; perianth densely and obviously woolly outside, becoming hardened at maturity; petals absent; stamens with united filaments forming a scarious tube, resembling an additional inner perianth; fruit an utricle surrounded by the hardened perianth.


Notes: A genus of 18 species of warm areas of the Americas and the Galapagos Islands. Hybridization between species is not uncommon. (Named for Joseph Aloys Froelich, 1766-1841, a German botanist)